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Portion of Samana Bay map printed in Harper's Weekly, 8th February, 1873


The Following is a Selected Bibliography of Literary Resources on the
Willmore's and other North American Emigrants to Samana, D.R. in 1824:

Copelain, Daniel, A letter written from Samana on May
10, 1825 to Rev. Richard Allen--Communicated for the
United States Gazette, Genius of Universal Emancipation,
August 1825, Vol. 4, Issue 11, p. 174
Demorizi, Emilio Rodriguez, Samana, Pasado y Porvenir,
Santo Domingo: Impreso en la Editora del Caribe, 1973
Dewey, Loring D., Correspondence Relative to the
Emigration to Hayti of the Free People of Colour in
the United Sates Together with the Instructions to the
Agent Sent Out by President Boyer, New York: Mahlon
Day, 1824, 32 pages
Hazard, Samuel, Santo Domingo, Past and Present, with
a Glance at Hayti. New York:  Harper & Brothers, 1873
(Good for illustrations)
Hoetink, H., Americans in Samana in Caribbean
Studies, Vol.II, No. 1, April 1962
Long, Richard A., Haiti and Black Americans:
relations and encounters [microform], Atlanta:
Atlanta University, 1975
Miller, Floyd J., The Search for a Black Nationality:
Black Emigration and Colonization, 1787-1863.
Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1975
Minaya, Dana, Freed U.S. Slave Emigrants of 1824
to Samana, Dominican Republic.
Samana College Research Center, 2012
Click here to download from CUNY Dominican Studies Institute
Nash, Gary B., Forging Freedom: The Formation of
Philadelphia's Black Community, 1720-1840. Cambridge,
Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1988
Pamphile, Leon D., Haitians and African Americans:  A
Heritage of Tragedy and Hope. Gainesville: University
Press of Florida, 2001
Parsons, Elsie Clews, 'Spirituals from the 'American
Colony of Samana Bay, Santo Domingo, JAFL, Vol. 41
Stephens, Jean, 'La Emigracion de Negros Libertos
Norteamericanos a Haiti en 1824-1825, Revista
EME-EME, V. 3 #14 pages 40-71, September-October 1974
Winch, Julie, American Free Blacks and Emigration to
Haiti. San Germ'n: Centro de investigaciones del
Caribe y America Latina. Universidad  Interamericana
de Puerto Rico, 1988
Winch, Julie, Philadelphia's Black Elite.
Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1988
Quotes a letter by Dr. Belfast Burton, in a letter to the Rev. Richard Allen from Samana
(“Emigration to Hayti--No. VI” Genius of Universal Emancipation, June 1825, Vol. 4, Issue 9, p. 132-3)
Check Bethel/AME church records for letters from Burton to Allen
“Dr. Belfast Burton--Free Born;  physician;  Pennsylvania Delegate:
1830 National Black Convention.”
(Spradling, Mary, ed. In Black and White. Detroit: Gale Research, 1980)
The Hazard Book of 1873 has a lot of engravings.  The following is a list of illustrations.
Author: Hazard, Samuel, 1834-1876.
Title: Santo Domingo, past and present, with a glance at Hayti.
Extent: xxix p., 1 l., 511 p. ; incl. front., illus. plates, 2 maps (1 fold.); 21 cm.
Place of publication: New York,
Publisher: Harper & brothers,
Date of publication: 1873.
ID: AGD8908
Availability: Publicly accessible text for non-commercial applications.
Subject: Haiti--History
Subject: Dominican Republic--History
Subject: Haiti--Description and Travel
Subject: Haiti--Bibliography.
URL: www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=moa;idno=AGD8908